by Elizabeth Marshall, Kelly B. Maguire, Daniel Hellerstein, and David Schimmelpfennig
USDA Economic Research Service
Every season farmers face a suite of production and conservation decisions, including crop and variety selection, fertilizer use, conservation strategies, and timing and intensity of tillage and irrigation. These decisions are informed by factors such as agricultural policy and technology availability.
Production choices can impact the health of the environment by affecting soil erosion, nutrient pollution and water availability…